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Located between Africa and the Middle East, this tropical, warm and very salty sea is the home of some extensive living coral communities. With a surface of 43,000.000 ha, it is believed to be named Red Sea due to the presence of a floating algae, Trichodesmium erythraeum, often these pinkish and red patches can be seen on the water surface. There is a very high salt concentration reaching 42%, which is what makes us to ballast when diving with much more weight than in other seas. The cause is the limited amount of fresh water coming from rivers and the high surface evaporation.

The main reasons for the development of the rich reefs are its depth and a pattern of an efficient water circulation, which is exchanged with the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean through the Gulf of Aden. These physical factors reduce the high salinity effect. The Red Sea is a rich and diverse ecosystem. Its isolation has evolved endemic species, exclusive of these regions. More than 1,200 species of fish have been registered and about 10% of these are not found anywhere else on the planet. This diversity is due in part to the 1.242 miles of coral reef that extends along its coastline, extraordinarily lively and visited by some large pelagic species, including 44 species of sharks.

The special biodiversity in some areas has been recognised by the authorities, such as the Egyptian government, which designated Ras Mohammed National Park as a protected area in 1983. This is one of the most attractive areas for divers but not the only one. Wrecks like the popular Thistlegorm, the legendary Cousteau underwater stations, islands surrounded by sharks, or lagoons frequented by dolphins are just some of the highlights of diving in the Red Sea where clown fish, butterfly fish, angelfish, napoleons and turtles are common companions on our dives.